Stanisław Jakub Kozłowski
- professor, palaeontologist,
founder of Polish palaeontology and the Institute of Palaeozoology
PAS ( now the Institute of Paleobiology PAS).
Born on the 1st of February, 1889 in Zazamcze near Włocławek
(Poland); died on the 2nd of May, 1977, at the age of 88, in Warsaw
Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences, corresponding member of
the French, Czechoslovak and Colombian Academies of Sciences,
professor of Warsaw University, doctor honoris causa of the
Jagellonian University, the Sorbonne, and Modena University.
Professor Kozłowski had two passions in his life - research and
teaching. His major contribution as a scholar was his classic study
of Palaeozoic fauna, the brachiopods and graptolites. Not only did
he reshape palaeontology, his was also a most profound influence
upon many fields of biology and geology. Professor Kozłowski's
investigations convincingly displayed the importance of fossil
material for resolving the more general problems of the natural
sciences. A number of brilliant discoveries and
fundamental studies of lasting significance brought Professor
Kozłowski highly deserved world fame and recognition, and made him
an almost legendary figure for the present generation of scientists.
As a teacher, Professor Kozłowski fascinated his students with the
clarity of his lectures in which the worlds of fossils and of living
organisms were fused into an integral whole. Professor Kozłowski
always had confidence in the young palaeontologists who gathered
round him, having complete faith in their enthusiasm, talent and
honesty, and he spared no effort to help their development.
loyal to his country, he twice took an active part in rebuilding
Polish science. After World War I, responding to the call of the
government, Roman Kozłowski returned from a long stay in France and
Bolivia to his native land. Times were hard and he had to wait for a
few years until he was appointed to the Chair of Palaeontology at
Warsaw University. This period of waiting entailed great sacrifice
on his part, especially as in the meantime he rejected many
attractive offers from abroad. After World War II, Professor
Kozłowski was again one of those, who rebuilt Polish Science from
scratch, one of those to whom we owe the revival of our national
From the very beginning, Professor Kozłowski realized the importance
of making Polish palaeontology an intrinsic part of world science.
With this aim in view he founded two scientific periodicals -
Palaeontologia Polonica and Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, and was
their Editor - in Chief for many years. Much of his time and effort
were given to editorial work, to improving the standard of those
publications. He also willingly lent a hand to inexperienced
authors, in whom he tried to inculcate
a sense of responsibility for what they wrote.
In everything he did, Professor Kozlowski strove for perfection. On
the other hand, while indifferent to titles and honours, he was an
extremely kind and modest man. The numerous orders, medals and
honorary degrees which Professor Kozlowski received during his
lifetime show how highly this first-class scholar was esteemed in
Polish and in World science.
Kozłowski - wikipedia
Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 1977 Editorial Board. In memoriam - Roman Kozłowski
Paläontologische Zeitschrift 1977 Krystyna Pożaryska. Obituary - Roman Kozłowski
Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 1978 Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska and Adam Urbanek.
The Palaeontology Newsletter 2009 Jan Zalasiewicz. The meaning of palaeontology.